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Fallopian tube disorders: incidence, diagnosis, management

Spyros Papaioannou, MRCOG

The fallopian tube, far from being a passive conduit for gametes and early embryos, plays an important role in many reproductive functions including sperm transport and capacitation, egg retrieval and transport, fertilization, and embryo storage, nourishment, and transport. Complex and coordinated neuromuscular activity, cilial action, and endocrine secretions are required for successful tubal function. Fallopian tube disease is thought to play a role in the presentation of 12–33% of subfertile couples [1,2].

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