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Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Hilal Maradit Kremers, MD, MSc, Cynthia S Crowson, MS, and Sherine E Gabriel, MD, MSc

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects approximately 0.5% of the adult general population [1]. Although it has long been recognized that both overall mortality and cardiovascular mortality are increased in people with RA compared with the general population, the patterns and predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in RA and the potential contribution of traditional and novel cardiovascular risk factors remained largely unknown until recent years.

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