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Medical Treatment Options for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Stavros Gravas, MD, PhD, FEBU

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) can be divided between storage (daytime urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, and urinary incontinence), voiding (slow stream, splitting or spraying, intermittency, hesitancy, straining, and terminal dribble), and postmicturition symptoms (sensation of incomplete emptying and postmicturition dribble) [1]. Male LUTS can result from several pathophysiological conditions, but, traditionally, they have been attributed to the prostate gland, and terms such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), benign prostatic enlargement, benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) have been used to describe the underlying etiology.

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Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia-related lower urinary tract symptoms
Konstantinos Giannitsas, MD, PhD, and Petros Perimenis, MD, PhD

CML Urology