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Internal Medicine

Mateus A, Brodbelt DC, Barber N et al.

Royal Veterinary College, London, UK.

 J Small Anim Pract 2011;52:515–21.

Editor’s note: Antimicrobial use in animals has been linked with development of antimicrobial resistance by pathogens, which has obvious implications for human and animal health. The authors of the current study sought to provide some baseline information on the patterns of antimicrobial usage in dogs and cats in 11 first-opinion practices within the UK. The use of systemic, broad-spectrum antimicrobials was widespread in both cats and dogs. Potentiated amoxicillin was, unsurprisingly, the most commonly used antimicrobial, and accounted for 46.1% and 44.4% of all antimicrobial use in dogs and cats, respectively. Amoxicillin was also commonly used, representing 20.7% and 14.3% of antimicrobials used in dogs and cats, respectively. In cats, cefovecin represented 15% of antimicrobial use, perhaps reflecting the convenience afforded by the injectable formulation of the drug.

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