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The Association Between Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease in Cats and the Available Management Options

Esther S Bijsmans, DVM, MRCVS; Rosanne E Jepson, BVSc, MVetMed, PhD, DipACVIM, MRCVS; Harriet M Syme, BSc, BVetMed, PhD, MRCVS, D-ACVIM, D-ECVIM; and Jonathan Elliott, MA, VetMB, PhD, Dip ECVPT, MRCVS

Hypertension is commonly diagnosed in geriatric cats and is usually identified in association with other diseases, most often chronic kidney disease (CKD). As high blood pressure (BP) can have serious consequences for target organs such as the eyes and the kidneys themselves, early diagnosis and effective treatment of hypertension is of great importance. CKD causes hypertension in a complex manner, and the increase in BP may contribute to faster deterioration of CKD. Therefore, it is advisable to measure BP in cats that are at risk of developing hypertension so that an early diagnosis can be made and target organ damage can be kept to a minimum.

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